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RocketLink!--> Man page versions: OpenBSD FreeBSD NetBSD RedHat Others

INSTALL(1)                 OpenBSD Reference Manual                 INSTALL(1)

     install - install binaries

     install [-bCcpSs] [-B suffix] [-f flags] [-g group] [-m mode] [-o owner]
             file1 file2
     install [-bCcpSs] [-B suffix] [-f flags] [-g group] [-m mode] [-o owner]
             file1 ...  fileN directory
     install -d [-g group] [-m mode] [-o owner] directory ...

     The file(s) are moved (or copied if the -c option is specified) to the
     target file or directory.  If the destination is a directory, then the
     file is moved into directory with its original filename.  If the target
     file already exists, it is either renamed to file.old if the -b option is
     given or overwritten if permissions allow, An alternate backup suffix may
     be specified via the -B option's argument.

     The options are as follows:

     -b      Backup any existing files before overwriting them by renaming
             them to file.old. See -B for specifying a different backup suf-

     -B suffix
             Use suffix as the backup suffix if -b is given.

     -C      Copy the file.  If the target file already exists and the files
             are the same, then don't change the modification time of the tar-

     -c      Copy the file.  This is actually the default.  The -c option is
             only included for backwards compatibility.

     -d      Create directories.  Missing parent directories are created as

     -f      Specify the target's file flags.  (See chflags(1) for a list of
             possible flags and their meanings.)

     -g      Specify a group.  A numeric GID is allowed.

     -m      Specify an alternate mode.  The default mode is set to rwxr-xr-x
             (0755).  The specified mode may be either an octal or symbolic
             value; see chmod(1) for a description of possible mode values.

     -o      Specify an owner.  A numeric UID is allowed.

     -p      Preserve the modification time.  Copy the file, as if the -C
             (compare and copy) option is specified, except if the target file
             doesn't already exist or is different, then preserve the modifi-
             cation time of the file.

     -S      Safe copy.  Normally, install unlinks an existing target before
             installing the new file.  With the -S flag a temporary file is
             used and then renamed to be the target.  The reason this is safer
             is that if the copy or rename fails, the existing target is left

     -s      install exec's the command /usr/bin/strip to strip binaries so
             that install can be portable over a large number of systems and
             binary types.  If the environment variable STRIP is set, it is
             used instead.

     By default, install preserves all file flags, with the exception of the
     ``nodump'' flag.

     The install utility attempts to prevent moving a file onto itself.

     Installing /dev/null creates an empty file.

     Upon successful completion a value of 0 is returned.  Otherwise, a value
     of 1 is returned.

     INS@XXXXXX  If either -S option is specified, or the -C or -p option is
                 used in conjuction with the -s option, temporary files named
                 INS@XXXXXX, where XXXXXX is decided by mkstemp(3),  are cre-
                 ated in the target directory.

     install utilizes the following environment variables.

     STRIP  For an alternate strip(1) program to run.  Default is

     chflags(1),  chgrp(1),  chmod(1),  cp(1),  mv(1),  strip(1),  chown(8)

     The install utility appeared in 4.2BSD.

     The -C, -p, and -S flags are non-standard and should not relied upon for

     Temporary files may be left in the target directory if install exits ab-

OpenBSD 2.6                      June 6, 1993                                2

Source: OpenBSD 2.6 man pages. Copyright: Portions are copyrighted by BERKELEY
SOFTWARE DESIGN, INC., The Regents of the University of California, Massachusetts
Institute of Technology, Free Software Foundation, FreeBSD Inc., and others.

(Corrections, notes, and links courtesy of RocketAware.com)

[Detailed Topics]
FreeBSD Sources for install(1)
OpenBSD sources for install(1)

[Overview Topics]

Up to: File and Version Management - RCS, CVS, distribution, etc.
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