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RocketLink!--> Man page versions:
VACATION(1) OpenBSD Reference Manual VACATION(1)
vacation - return ``I am not here'' indication
vacation -i [-r interval]
vacation [-a alias] login
vacation returns a message to the sender of a message telling them that
you are currently not reading your mail. The intended use is in a
.forward file. For example, your .forward file might have:
\eric, "|/usr/bin/vacation -a allman eric"
which would send messages to you (assuming your login name was eric) and
reply to any messages for ``eric'' or ``allman''.
The options are as follows:
Handle messages for alias in the same manner as those received
for the user's login name.
-i Initialize the vacation database files. It should be used before
you modify your .forward file.
-r Set the reply interval to interval days. The default is one
week. An interval of ``0'' means that a reply is sent to each
message, and an interval of ``infinite'' (actually, any non-nu-
meric character) will never send more than one reply. It should
be noted that intervals of ``0'' are quite dangerous, as it al-
lows mailers to get into ``I am on vacation'' loops.
No message will be sent unless login (or an alias supplied using the -a
option) is part of either the ``To:'' or ``Cc:'' headers of the mail. No
messages from ``???-REQUEST'', ``Postmaster'', ``UUCP'', ``MAILER'', or
``MAILER-DAEMON'' will be replied to (where these strings are case insen-
sitive) nor is a notification sent if a ``Precedence: bulk'',
``Precedence: list'', or ``Precedence: junk'' line is included in the
mail headers. The people who have sent you messages are maintained as a
db(3) database in the file .vacation.db in your home directory.
vacation expects a file .vacation.msg, in your home directory, containing
a message to be sent back to each sender. It should be an entire message
(including headers). For example, it might contain:
From: eric@CS.Berkeley.EDU (Eric Allman)
Subject: I am on vacation
Delivered-By-The-Graces-Of: The Vacation program
I am on vacation until July 22. If you have something urgent,
please contact Keith Bostic <bostic@CS.Berkeley.EDU>.
Any occurrence of the string $SUBJECT in .vacation.msg will be replaced
by the subject of the message that triggered the vacation program.
vacation reads the incoming message from standard input, checking the
message headers for either the UNIX ``From'' line or a ``Return-Path''
header to determine the sender. If both are present the sender from the
``Return-Path'' header is used.
Fatal errors, such as calling vacation with incorrect arguments, or with
non-existent logins, are logged in the system log file, using syslog(3).
~/.vacation.db database file
~/.vacation.msg message to send
The vacation command appeared in 4.3BSD.
OpenBSD 2.6 April 28, 1995 2
Source: OpenBSD 2.6 man pages. Copyright: Portions are copyrighted by BERKELEY
SOFTWARE DESIGN, INC., The Regents of the University of California, Massachusetts
Institute of Technology, Free Software Foundation, FreeBSD Inc., and others.
(Corrections, notes, and links courtesy of RocketAware.com)
FreeBSD Sources for vacation(1)
OpenBSD sources for vacation(1)
Up to: Email Processing - Automatic processing, Archives, formatting for WWW, autoresponders
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