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delete EXPR

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delete EXPR
Deletes the specified key(s) and their associated values from a hash. For each key, returns the deleted value associated with that key, or the undefined value if there was no such key. Deleting from $ENV{} modifies the environment. Deleting from a hash tied to a DBM file deletes the entry from the DBM file. (But deleting from a tie()d hash doesn't necessarily return anything.)

The following deletes all the values of a hash:

    foreach $key (keys %HASH) {
        delete $HASH{$key};

And so does this:

    delete @HASH{keys %HASH}

(But both of these are slower than the undef() command.) Note that the EXPR can be arbitrarily complicated as long as the final operation is a hash element lookup or hash slice:

    delete $ref->[$x][$y]{$key};
    delete @{$ref->[$x][$y]}{$key1, $key2, @morekeys};

Source: Perl builtin functions
Copyright: Larry Wall, et al.
Next: die LIST

Previous: defined EXPR

(Corrections, notes, and links courtesy of RocketAware.com)

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