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Next: grep BLOCK LIST
The goto-LABEL form finds the statement labeled with
LABEL and resumes execution there. It may not be used
to go into any construct that requires initialization, such as a subroutine
or a foreach loop. It also can't be used to go into a construct that is
optimized away, or to get out of a block or subroutine given to
sort(). It can be used to go almost anywhere else within the
dynamic scope, including out of subroutines, but it's usually better to use
some other construct such as last or die. The author of Perl has never felt
the need to use this form of goto (in Perl, that is--C is another matter).
The goto-EXPR form expects a label name, whose scope will be resolved dynamically. This allows for computed gotos per
FORTRAN, but isn't necessarily recommended if you're optimizing for maintainability:
goto ("FOO", "BAR", "GLARCH")[$i];
The goto-&NAME form is highly magical, and substitutes a call to the named subroutine for the currently running subroutine. This is used by
AUTOLOAD subroutines that wish to load another subroutine and then pretend that the other subroutine had been called in the first place (except that any modifications to
@_ in the current subroutine are propagated to the other subroutine.) After the goto, not even
caller() will be able to tell that this routine was called first.
Source: Perl builtin functions
Copyright: Larry Wall, et al.
Previous: gmtime EXPR
(Corrections, notes, and links courtesy of RocketAware.com)
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